Sossusvlei, located in the red dunes of the Namib Desert, is formed where the natural course of the ephemeral Tsauchab River is blocked by a mass of sand. This mass of sand stretches for 400 km south of Walvis Bay, sandwiched between the cold Benguela Current of the west coast and the escarpment that runs parallel more than 100 km inland.
The path of the Tsauchab is flanked by some of the tallest sand dunes in the world and then ends in a series of pans (or vleis) that dot the end of this blind river. Sossusvlei is one such pan, Dead Vlei another.
Some of the activities in the area are scenic Nature drives in open 4 x 4 safari vehicles, 4-wheel all terrain motorbike excursions and San rock paintings. Excursions to Sossusvlei and Sesriem Canyon in closed air conditioned vehicles. Stargazing at a sophisticated observatory, accompanied by a resident astronomer, early morning hot air ballooning and scenic flights.